What in Hell Happened to Zombies?

After a 10-Year Run, Have Zombies Lost The Ability to Scare Us?

This is not written as a missive against the #1 movie in theaters this week, “Warm Bodies.” I am not a film critic and will leave that job to my betters. I actually enjoyed “Warm Bodies,” but to me it’s a bellwether of a trend in horror, an undead canary in the coal mine if you will.


You see, to me zombie movies are about the end of the world. They’re uncomfortable and sweaty and bloody. They’re often disgusting – even the funny ones should make the average teenage girl puke and your parents worry about you for wanting to see them. And I feel that this is slipping away from zombies faster than you can say “Twilight.”

Before Blockbuster Video…

I’m a little ashamed that I’ve completely forgotten the name of the store.

When I was about 14 years old, there was a video store a short bike ride from my house that had a stunning array of horror titles and an even more stunning apathy when it came to renting them to 14-year-olds. To walk down that aisle, I always felt like I was doing something a little wrong – like I was making society at large a little sad that I was extremely curious about what movies could be represented by the creepy rotting faces and prosthetic horrors on that shelf. That year on Halloween I rented George Romero‘s “Night of the Living Dead” and watched it by myself. Twice. I mean, I’d seen movies – and I’d seen horror movies. But I’d never seen anything that felt as weird, dangerous, and transgressive as that movie.


As a teen, zombies appealed to me by speaking to my inner Holden Caulfield. They were outsiders, they brought down society, and in so doing they brought all the flaws of living people to the surface. They told me that under the thin veneer of polite society, many of us are merely caged savages looking for an excuse to take control of the world. They told me that some people are selfish enough to connive and cheat in order to win.



…And this was YEARS before “Survivor.”

And then there were the makeup effects and gore. I always loved watching these films and trying to dissect the magic trick that had resulted in the mayhem. I’d already started reading Fangoria magazine, and as I read about the classics of this other kind of film and this video store had several. They had “Zombie” by Lucio Fulci, and the entire Romero Zombie trilogy (“Night” plus “Dawn” and “Day” of The Dead). They had Dan O’Bannon‘s “Return of the Living Dead” (the first movie I ever saw with running zombies) and a bunch of other stuff that I’m not going to talk about now because I want to talk about zombies. And where they’ve gone right and where they seem to be going today.

Culminating, as I said, in a perfectly entertaining movie I saw last night called “Warm Bodies,” which to me indicates that this incarnation of the zombie has finally jumped the shark (at least in terms of being either frightening or transgressive) – a shark literally supplied by Lucio Fulci in 1979.

The Return of The Living Dead Movies


I recall around 2000, a writer friend had written a script involving zombies. His manager told him he’d have to change it – zombies were out of fashion at the time, and he found another suitable mutation from the human form to chase the protagonists around.

Romero hadn’t made a zombie film since 1985’s “Day of the Dead.” There were monsters that resembled zombies in the abstract, like the Deadites in the “Evil Dead”/”Army of Darkness” movies. And I’m sure there were lots of foreign or indie horrors that I personally missed which featured the walking-around horde – but it wasn’t until 2002 and Danny Boyle‘s fantastic “28 Days Later” that I’d seen them come back.

And yes, I know Boyle makes it clear that they aren’t zombies in the pure sense. But they’re zombies at heart.


That same year, we saw the first of 12,000,000 “Resident Evil” movies, the first of which directed by Paul W.S. Anderson and featured a then-fresh take on the Romero-style zombies. A year later we saw the Spierig Brothers’ Australian UFO-driven zombie shoot-em-up “Undead.” Then, one year later we saw Zack Snyder‘s remake of the classic “Dawn of the Dead,” which I found myself arguing with purists about how Snyder (and screenwriter James Gunn) had taken an allegory-rich zombie story and found a fresh allegory that could scare us in the post-9/11 world. The same year was the first high-profile zombie parody in this particular wave, Edgar Wright‘s masterful “Shaun of the Dead.” It should be noted that Wright created a film that worked both as a comedy and a zombie film by never making the zombies any less than a real threat. More on that later.

What followed was a mushroom cloud of zombie films. Whatever you taste is, there’s a zombie movie to fill that niche. Besides the aforementioned barrage of “Resident Evil” movies, we had “28 Weeks Later” (I know, still not technically zombies), a relatively-forgettable remake of “Day of the Dead,” 2006’s “Pathogen” – an ADORABLE zombie movie written and directed by 12-year-old Emily Hagins, microbudget zombies in Steven C. Miller‘s “Automaton Transfusion,” existential French angst-ey zombies in Robin Campillo’s “They Came Back,” and teen  zombies like in Greg Bishop‘s “Dance of the Dead.” Even zombie-genre-creator George Romero got back into the fun with “Land of the Dead,” “Diary of the Dead,” and “Survival of the Dead.” And in 2010 we even got a great zombie TV show, “The Walking Dead” (based on the also-awesome comic book).

And many, many, many more.


The new breed of zombies was extra-dangerous. The weapons-grade version of Romero’s walkers and very creepy. With the addition of modern filmmaking technology, the special effects were no longer constrained to what could be executed live on the set so we had some CGI enhancements. And since zombie-loving filmmakers had stewed over the plot holes in the 1970’s zombie movies, the stories often seemed tighter, characters more lucid. Self-aware if you will.

And although in 2009 I thoroughly enjoyed Ruben Fleischer‘s “Zombieland,” and Tommy Wirkola‘s “Dead Snow,” I could feel the self-awareness had a price – the danger began to trickle out and with it, the sense of transgression around these movies. We were running out of zombie stories, but audiences still wanted them, so filmmakers would make zombie movies as a comment on other zombie movies. And that’s how zombies attained postmodern hipster status. And they were becoming downright cuddly.


I, Zombie

And that’s what “Warm Bodies” is – a self-aware zombie who makes fun of himself and all the zombie tropes because by now we’re all wondering lots of things about the inner lives of zombies. And because if you dissect any mythology in the right way, it can be shown to be ridiculous.


It’s obvious and expected that zombies get a sendup in a la the “Scary Movie” franchise. And “The Walking Dead” has chewed through just about every zombie scenario there is to eat. But here is something I never expected: I was in a theater for a zombie film, and a sizeable chunk of the audience was the very teenage girls who would lose their lunch 10 minutes into “Bay of Blood.” And by the end, the girls are audibly swooning over the deadly-sincere antics of the Shakespearian star-crossed lovers. Is there anything actually wrong with that? Absolutely not. But for me, it’s akin to that feeling of when the really cool alternative band you loved broke mainstream and suddenly so did their music. And now we’ve lost both what made that band special and what being a fan of that band really meant.

So zombies: I don’t know if we can turn this around or if we even should. Perhaps this genre has become too easy, or those of us who grew up on it have stopped dreaming of newer ways to make subversively entertaining movies. Maybe zombies are the new superheroes – previously relegated to a small cohort of nerdy fans but destined to be the biggest, most explosive entertainment we’ll see in years to come.

Or maybe the genre needs to exhaust itself so that 20 years from now a new breed of filmmaker, living in a different sociological climate with different filmmaking tools in her arsenal will rediscover this stage-blood-soaked thought experiment of what happens when society literally eats itself. I guess we’ll know the direction this summer.


11 comments on “What in Hell Happened to Zombies?

  1. Great piece. Thanks!

    Thriller killed the genre for a decade (I mean, what legit producer would bank on zombies when suddenly everyone expected them to breakdance?). Now it’s sort of a cumulative effect. Zombies represented anarchy (or whatever metaphor you wanted to attach) but now they’ve lost their teeth.

    Good. Hopefully zombies get put to bed for a while until someone who loves the genre fries up some more gold.

  2. Was the video store College Park Video or that giant one on University and Goldenrod?

    You should play the Walking Dead game from Telltale Games. It’s on pretty much every device, I enjoyed the iPad version. I’d go so far as to say its the best Walking Dead experience overall, I enjoyed it more than the comics or TV show. It suggests that there’s plenty of life still in the current zombie cycle and perhaps there’s room in the market and our hearts for both post-modern ironic teen girl friendly zombies as well as the terrifying transgressive kind.

    • Mike – it was neither of those stores. It was on 436 by Howell Branch in that weird plaza with the Wal Mart that used to have those crappy theaters. I lived in Dommerich Estates and could get to that place on bike without having to navigate any major roads.

      Will check out the game per your recommendation for sure. As for zombies in general, I do think the subversive horse has left the barn, and it’s going to be a while before we get back to the zombies I personally love. I hope I’m wrong.

  3. I concur wholeheartedly. I enjoyed “Warm Bodies” (and despite what some critics say, it’s not “Twilight” with zombies, but rather a tongue-in-cheek deconstruction of the genre), but felt that now that we’re making winking PG-13 zombie flicks, this genre has now lost its bite (though not yet its brains).

    • I agree, there is no connection between Warm Bodies and Twilight what so ever. Twilight is for teenage girls, while Warm Bodies pleases wider audience. There’s a little romance, a little action and a lot of fun. Great and witty idea. I enjoyed it a lot though I’m not a zombie fan.

  4. I think zombies losing their scare value has also to do with both desensitization and the current state of society. Seeing heads fly was more rare when these older horror movies came out. Nowadays, we watch gore-fests while eating our dinner and would probably react more or less the same way to a comedy. When you turn gore into the norm, it loses its scare value.

    Also, people used to have more trust to certain ideas, values and institutions during the era these movies worked their magic in. Seeing your friendly next-door neighbor turn into a beast was still “Oh Lordy, shocking”. Anarchy was a scary notion. It threatened our quite nice lives. Who thinks they have a quite nice life now? People are seeing the betrayal of their governments and their fellow men all around them. We live in the era where our next door neighbor being a monster isn’t a surprise, but a confirmation of our fears.

    Chaos is all around us and very few still live in the illusion of a well-oiled-machine type of society where certain things will never change and certain rights will never be disrespected. The idea of a world gone mad is no longer scary fiction. It’s reality.

    Given that it’s living, functional and powerful people who ruin society, a walking corpse is simply no longer scary. Which is why ‘The Walking Dead’ focuses on human villains (especially in Season 3) and how bad we can get without the handy excuse of our brains having dropped off a few blocks back.

    Zombies are no longer scary. They are the sad result of the evil done by humans. I think this idea has gotten popular given the society we live in and it’s also the reason why good ol’ scary zombie works will not be coming back anytime soon. I don’t think it’s bad seeing zombies turn into martyrs of human mistakes, but it is bad to still be trying to pass them off as what makes a modern zombie work scary.

  5. […] a genre that they aren’t normally into. There’s nothing threatening about a movie in which “girls are audibly swooning over the deadly-sincere antics” of a sweeter take on the zombie movie. “Guy movie” guys going to see Warm Bodies are not […]

  6. […] a genre that they aren’t normally into. There’s nothing threatening about a movie in which “girls are audibly swooning over the deadly-sincere antics” of a sweeter take on the zombie movie. “Guy movie” guys going to see Warm Bodies are not going […]

  7. […] What in Hell Happened to Zombies? (neptunesalad.wordpress.com) […]

  8. […] What in Hell Happened to Zombies? (neptunesalad.wordpress.com) […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: